The earliest non-Aryan language of the extreme south, Tamil was first committed to writing in the third or second century BCE when Brahmi script was introduced from north India. Tamil devo-tional cults contributed during 500-900 to the popularization of the Tamil language. It emerged as a well-developed language during the ascendancy of the Cholas (900-1300). Its vocabulary was enriched by association with Sanskrit. Writing in the beginning of the 11th century, Abu Rehan Alberuni lists Tamil as a distinct Indian lan-guage, calling it Dravidi.

Historical dictionary of Medieval India. . 2011.

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  • tamil — tamil …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Tamil — (தமிழ்) Gesprochen in Indien, Sri Lanka, Singapur, Malaysia, Südafrika, Mauritius Sprecher 66 Millionen Linguistische Klassifikation Dravidische Sprachen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tamil — may refer to: * Tamil language, one of the Dravidian languages primarily spoken in South Asia and South East Asia * Tamil script, primarily used to write the Tamil language * Tamil peopleee also* Ancient Tamil country * Dravidian martial arts *… …   Wikipedia

  • Tamil — puede referirse a: un pueblo del sur de la India: Tamil (pueblo) el idioma de esa etnia: Idioma tamil un Estado del sureste de la India: Tamil Nadu el estado propuesto por los tamiles de Sri Lanka: Tamil Eelam el alfabeto empleado: Alfabeto tamil …   Wikipedia Español

  • tamil — → tamoul ● tamoul ou tamil nom masculin Langue dravidienne parlée par environ 40 millions de locuteurs en Inde (État du Tamil Nadu), 3 millions à Sri Lanka, ainsi que par des communautés plus ou moins importantes d émigrés (Asie du Sud Est,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • tamil — (Del ingl. Tamil, y este del tamil Tamiḻ). 1. adj. Se dice del individuo de uno de los pueblos no arios de la rama dravidiana, que habita en el sudeste de la India y parte de Sri Lanka, antiguo Ceilán. U. t. c. s.) 2. Perteneciente o relativo a… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Tamil — Tamil, Tamulisch, die Sprache der T. oder Tamulen, im südl. Dekhan [Tafel: Menschenrassen, 31], des gebildetsten und intelligentesten drawidischen Stammes, daher die bedeutendste der drawidischen Sprachen (s. Dekhanische Sprachen), zerfällt in… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tamil — [tam′əl, täm′əl, tum′əl] n. 1. pl. Tamils or Tamil a member of a people living chiefly in S India and N Sri Lanka 2. the Dravidian language, ancient or modern, of this people: official language of the state of Tamil Nadu …   English World dictionary

  • Tamil — Ta mil, n. [Written also Tamul.] 1. (Ethnol.) One of a Dravidian race of men native of Northern Ceylon and Southern India. [1913 Webster] 2. The Tamil language, the most important of the Dravidian languages. See {Dravidian}, a. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tamil — Ta mil, a. Of or pertaining to the Tamils, or to their language. [Written also {Tamul}.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tamil — Tamil, die Sprache der Tamulen (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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